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Contents

  • Dracula
  • "Reverse Colonization"
  • References

Dracula Edit

1854 rymer james malcolm varney 066065

A depiction of a vampire in 1854

In the book written by Bram Stoker in 1897 one of the main characters, Count Dracula, seems to be a foreign entity in both his home in Transylvania and in Britain. Most of the common people tend to avoid him and cross themselves at the mere mention of his name. In Chapter 1 Jonathan Harker remarks that he was “leaving the West and entering the East” as there was a change in culture and beliefs as he travels to Transylvania [5]. It can be seen that Count Dracula is subject to “othering” as people from the West, such as Jonathan Harker, see him negatively [4]. Count Dracula lives, seemingly alone, in a large castle that takes some time for Jonathan Harker to travel to. After meeting the Count, Harker feels that he is trapped in the castle as the Count exhibits odd behavior. Dracula, however, tries to not alienate himself and his library reveals that he is interested in English literature, much to Harker’s surprise [5]. This is an example of how the Count wants to assimilate with Western culture. Eventually the Count lets Harker know that he must stay at the castle for a while before he decides to move from Transylvania to Britain. He needs Harker to help him with British culture and legal paperwork since he is an “outsider” [3]. The Count is aware that he is well-known in Transylvania but he would be a stranger in London which might be a disadvantage if he wants to blend in and satisfy his desire for blood. 

"Reverse Colonization" Edit

Dracula in London

Greg Hildebrandt's artwork of Dracula in London

Stephen D. Arata discusses historical context in “The Occidental Tourist: “Dracula” and the Anxiety of Reverse Colonization”, such as Britain’s decline of power at the end of the 19th century [1]. Therefore, the British influence, goods, politics, and economics impacted the Late-Victorian fiction at the time. This is why, according to writer Arata, that Dracula could be a symbolic representation of a sort of invasion of Britain as a result of the oppression others have felt when Britain colonized them [1]. In this way, the “reverse colonization” of the Count moving to Britain is a story about a foreigner bringing his own culture into a deteriorating civilization [2]. His culture being the spread of Vampirism. 

References Edit

Outside Sources:

1) [1] http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy4.library.arizona.edu/stable/3827794?seq=3#page_scan_tab_contents

2) [2] http://www.glk.uni-mainz.de/Dateien/Metzdorf.pdf

3) [3] http://www.shmoop.com/dracula/foreignness-the-other-theme.html

Course Citations:

4) [Dr. Caffee. Panopto. “Wednesday, March 22, 2017”. 2171- Spring 2017 RSSS 315 SP17 101, 3:30-10:05.]

5) [Stoker, Bram. Dracula. 1897. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.]

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