The Development of Dracula
Dracula is a story that has been developed and adapted over time. It has grown and taken different forms as different directors, writers and authors have put their twists and personal touches on it. The original Dracula is accredited to director Tod Browning. Dracula was first shown in 1931. It was based off the 1924 stage play written by Hamilton Deane and John L. Balderston and the novel written by Bram Stoker.
The “original” Dracula movie was filmed in 1922 and was titled Nosferatu. Nosferatu was written by a German writer named F.W. Murnau. After Bram Stoker passed away his widow took Nosferatu to court on the charges of plagiarism and copyright infringement. The court favored with Stoker’s wife and demanded that all the copies of Nosferatu be destroyed.
Since Stoker’s novel, there have been 43 sequels. Each version has its own adaptation and changes to it. Each author/ director has put their own creative vision and twist on the classic story. This results in each version being completely unique. The current image of Dracula has always reflected the current attitude and fears of society. “He has evolved with the society around him. His physical traits, powers and weaknesses have morphed to suit cultural and political climates from the Victorian era to the Cold War.” (Defining Dracula) The original Dracula wasn’t even a vampire at all. He didn’t have supernatural abilities; he didn’t drink blood or anything of that sort but he was a terrible barbarian that murdered counts of people. Dracula translates into “son of the devil”.
The Dracula in the 1931 depiction was portrayed as “all that was threatening, powerful, alluring and evil.” (Defining Dracula) It was played by a Hungarian actor by the name of Bela Lugosi. In this depiction Dracula is an Eastern aristocrat that was well dressed and composed. In the two examples from class they hugely vary. In Let the Right One In the vampire was a little girl and in Buffy the Vampire Slayer was depicted as your stereotypical vampire with big fangs and a cape. Dracula has taken a wide range of forms throughout the years.
Dracula, since his major debut in 1931, has undergone tremendous adaptation and transformation. It is an old story that has been molded and grown to fit the current climate of society. Dracula will continue to grow and develop through time.
"Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season 1 Episode 1, "Welcome to Hellmouth"." University of Arizona - D2L(Desire2Learn). N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2017.
"Let The Right One In." Watch Free Movies, TV Shows & Anime Videos Online Free TV, Movie & Anime Video Streaming | Veoh Networks, Inc. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2017.
Nuzum, Eric. "Defining Dracula: A Century Of Vampire Evolution." NPR. NPR, 30 Oct. 2008. Web. 06 Apr. 2017.