The Werewolf's Daughter was a folktale from Slovakia edited by D.L Ashliman in the 2000. The main idea of the story was a father who was tired of supporting his nine daughter. His werewolf side decided to take of his daughters once in for all except for one.
The Slovakia folktale a Werewolf's Daughter is about a father who has nine daughters who were all at the age to be married. In the fathers eyes his youngest was the most beautiful. The father had a dirty secret he was a werewolf and had devise a plan to put his daughter away after a though popped into his head. He questioned himself why he was supporting all nine of his daughters. The father decides to cut wood in the forest and ordered the daughters to decided among themselves who would bring him dinner.
The eldest daughter came forth with her fathers food earlier than he planned. The father asks her why she came early and her response is that she did not want to see her father empty. He tells her to sit down while he eats and an idea popped into his head how to rid of his daughters. He asked his eldest daughter to come with him and look at the pit he has been digging. The eldest daughter ask her father why he is digging a pit and he replies to her this will be their grave since poor folk will not be missed once dead/gone. The eldest daughter gets closer to her fathers side to take a closer look at the pit. The werewolf decides to make an appearance and tells her she will die in that pit. The eldest daughter pleads for her life but it is useless while the werewolf cast her into the pit. The werewolf finds a takes a great stone and flings it at her crushing her head while her soul escapes her body. After he finished the death of the eldest daughter it is now dusk and he continues to work. The second daughter comes and finds death the same way as her elder sister this continues until the youngest daughter arrives.
The youngest daughter has started to worry about her sisters since they have not returned. She knew of her fathers dark secret of being a werewolf. As she makes the food and brings it to the forest she is cautious. The youngest daughter hears her father chopping wood and smells folk. The daughter investigates the smoke and sees two human heads roasting on the large fire. She turns away and goes to the sound of her father chopping wood. The daughter gives the werewolf his dinner and asks about her sisters. He replies to her they are in the pit drawing wood and he takes her there. The werewolf tells her now she will die when they arrive at the pit. The daughter replies she will die like her sisters in the pit but first she must strip off her clothes and then he will kill her if he must. The werewolf argues and turns around to let the youngest daughter strip off her clothes before the kill.
The youngest daughter takes advantage of her father distracted and pushes him into the pit while she runs for her life. The werewolf scrambles from the pit to chase her. The werewolf pursue the daughter as she looks behind she sees his red gleaming eyes like coals. She decides to throw away her clothes towards him to distract him as he tears the fabrics to pieces. The daughter dives into a small haystack and the werewolf angry searches every haystack but his strength leaves him before he searches the small haystack so he leaves. The King who owns the land goes hunting every day with his dogs. One of the dogs carries food to a small haystack which has not been checked by the hay-makers for three days. The King decides to investigate a sees the young daughter covered in straw up to her neck. He orders to have her brought to the palace with the hay and all to which he makes her his wife. Before the young daughter accepts the marriage she makes one stipulation to the King before they marry. She asks the King that no beggar shall be permitted to enter the castle and he agrees.
However, a beggar does enter the castle one day who is none other than the werewolf father. He decides to go upstairs to the castle and enters the nursery as he sees his two grandchildren whose parents are the King and his daughter who is Queen. He slits their throats with a knife and lays the knife under the pillow of the Queen .The King having suspected his wife as the murderess he drives her away from her home with the supposed guilt of having killed her children. A hermit comes to restore the babies to life and realizing his mistake as King finds his wife again. The result of the werewolf is that he is flung from a high cliff into the sea.
The King, Queen and the princes lived together happily and they may still be alive it is unknown since their death was never in the newspaper.
Character Analysis: The Daughter Edit
The daughter in the story "Werewolf's Daughter" is different from female characters presented in many other werewolf tales. The largest difference between her and characters such as Little Red Riding Hood from "Little Red Riding Hood" is her intelligence and instinctiveness. She, unlike the aforementioned character, was able to outsmart the werewolf because she knew, and did not ignore the signs that he would harm her. She showed her intellect more than once, first by tricking her father, which ensured her escape, then by banning beggars from court, which would have ensured safety for her children had someone not let a stranger in.
Another difference between her and the typical females in werewolf lore is her speed. In other stories, such as "Little Red Hat", the girls are described as sluggish, often times they loiter in meadows picking flowers and chasing butterflies. While this shows their innocence and youthful wanderings, it also allows them to be eaten. The werewolf's daughter is not this frivolous, her speed is only matched by her quick thinking in distracting her father with the removal of her garments one by one as she runs, knowing that this would make him pause if only for the briefest second. In the end, her speed, both physical and mental, saves her and allows her to become a queen.
Though she stands out in comparison to the other characters, she also shares the similarity of her predicament. Despite her quick thinking and feet, she is still targeted by a werewolf. They all fall prey to a werewolf's lust for flesh, and in her case particularly, her father's lust for her flesh. This might be conveyed in a social setting as a man's lust for a woman's flesh, and how far he will go to get it, thus his transformation. This makes the character even more unique if this is the case, because she is able to escape her father's clutches, whereas the other girls fall prey to the werewolf.
Character Analysis: The Father Edit
The father in "The Werewolf's Daughter", the werewolf, served the role of the main antagonist in this old Slovakian folklore tale. He in fact showed no remorse for his own flesh and blood as he brutally murdered his first eight daughters, and then went after his youngest daughter relentlessly who escaped him until he was thrown off a cliff, presumably dead. There was no real emotional depth to his character other than rage, aggression, and you could argue some manipulation and vengeance. The manipulative side of his character first started to become apparent when he concocted a lie in order to coax his nine daughters into one by one visiting him in the woods, where he proceeded to kill them. When his youngest daughter escaped his grasps and saved herself from him taking her life, he waited until he could cease another opportunity to destroy her life. Instead of killing her he killed her children instead, showing a level of thoughtful and purposeful cruelty rather than just sheer violence alone. I believe that another purpose that the father served in this tale is that of an estranged and abusive parent, depicting the timeless struggles of parent-child relationships that children often have as they grow older. The father was a hateful malicious and violent parent, and even after causing trauma in her childhood he goes on to cause his daughter issues in her adult life through her marriage and motherhood. While serving both the role of the monstrous and heartless antagonist as well as the father who does not show his daughter love, the werewolf in this tale is ultimately portrayed in an extremely negative, fear-inspiring context. This story is a stereotypical example of how creatures like werewolves and vampires were most often illustrated as monstrous and evil in older literature, without the modern twist of humanity we see today.
The Sexes in Historic Literature Edit
Evident in the depiction of females, is a sort of eternal innocence and ignorance. Somehow in this story, eight daughters are completely fooled, by their werewolf father, into walking into their own graves. It isn't until the last and youngest daughter, that the story turns and she is able to get away. Still, she is saved by a King. It is in many stores, that young girls are portrayed as objects. Beauty is an important characteristics. While irrelevant to the plot, the beauty of the young women in many older stories is pointed out. Charles Perrault's "Little Red Riding Hood" begins: "Once upon a time there lived in a certain village a little country girl, the prettiest creature who was ever seen." From the very beginning, it is important for the author to note that the girl in the story has a better than average physical appearance. Likewise, "Werewolf's Daughter" opens: "There was once a father who had nine daughters, and they were all marriageable, but the youngest was the most beautiful." Texts as these lend to the idea that throughout history beauty had a direct relationship with importance when it came to girls.Male figures, in the context of werewolf literature, aren't dependent on their looks, but rather deception and power. In this particular story, the male role has all the control, filling the character of the werewolf father and the hero king. As with many stories, men wield much authority over both men and children and perpetuates the archetype of the damsel in distress. Regardless of good or evil, male character possess a power to control those inferior to them. The father, the antagonist, creates the conflict intending to kill the last daughter. He controls by deception and fear. The King, the protagonist, resolves the conflict by rescuing the daughter and making her his bride. Though his control is less direct, he is a figure of authority, to which both women and men submit to. Even in the depiction of the vampire do we see the same sort of power. Dracula has the power of authority by being a leader, either a Prince or Count, throughout the stories he emerges in. At the same time, he rules by fear or even by a power unique to the vampire character, mind-control.
Literature On Werewolves/History on Werewolves Edit
The evolution of werewolves in literature has evolved from different cultures. The folktale The Werewolf's Daughter comes from Solvakia in this tale it depicts more of the wolf having a lust for killing even within their own family. The werewolf is a father who has nine daughters and feels the urge to kill them so he no longer has to support them. The werewolf is persistent and is ruthless in the manner he kills his daughter. The story written by Harry Sen called Romanian Werewolves: Season, Ritual, Cycles explores werewolves from Romanian culture. The Romanian culture discuss how werewolves most commonly appeared during Christmas and New Year. The festival on February 15th called Lupercalia was when young men of wolf or goat groups ran through the crowd creating fear. This is an example of what led to various stories of werewolves to progress in different cultures. The Werewolf of Paris written by Guy Endore is an example on a twist on werewolf literature the setting is taking place during a Franco-Prussian War. This novel creates a interesting twist because its a romance novel with a hint of ancient folklore in the way the beast is described with the lust for killing. The Damnable Life and Death of Stubbee Peeter was a major influence in literature because it was based on a real account in history it states. Another interesting this that came from Literature of werewolves and the history is clinical lycanthropy which is similar to the term werewolf. Clinical lycanthropy has to with a mind state of feeling like a werewolf and acting like one.
The myth of the werewolf is known as Lycanthropy in most text which describes the transformation of a man to a werewolf. The original myth of the werewolf involves transforming during the night, silver one of the reason that causes there death yet also killing them with normal human methods, werewolves were created by a demonic presence and the lust to kill were just a couple of the characteristics associated in folk tales.
The myth of the werewolf in this story The Werewolf Daughter shares similar qualities to the novel of George Bores called The Damnable Life and Death of Stubbe Peeter. In both stories the werewolf went after women and children in attempts to kill them or actually succeeding in killing them. The werewolf in each story is produced as this evil and demonic entity with uncontrollable lust for killing. Werewolves tend to be in forest and towns were there is cover for their activities like abandoned farms or forest. The myth of the werewolf can be correlated to the novel The Damnable Life and Death of Stubbe Peeter progressing the fear humans had of werewolves. The novel The Damnable Life and Death of Stubbe Peeter was based on a real event according to historical events which was a man named Stubbe Peeter who made a deal with the devil in order to quench is dark fantasy of murder. This fear Stubbe Peeter progressed in Europe led to further creation of werewolves in literature which led to films and shows
Appearances in Other Fiction Edit
The werewolf has become this iconic figure in folk tales and literature following the vampire. In ancient folk tales like The Werewolf's Daughter the werewolf is uncontrollable of his blood lust. The werewolf preys on woman and is considered demonic like shown in the story The Damnable Life and Death of Stubbe Peeter. The werewolf character traits are super human strength, red eyes, wolf, claws, sharp teeth, foaming mouth, controlled by the moon and controlled by the devil these are some of the many characteristics found in folk tales. In present day wolves like in "Twilight: Eclipse" can control their shift, have the term " imprinting", do not have a lust for killing and are much larger in size. Weakness for the werewolf in folk tales would be decapitation and throwing them off the cliff are a couple of the methods to kill or weaken . This is different from the modern day werewolf who is affected by wolfs bane and decapitation are present day methods. The werewolves in today's fiction are now focused on bringing the loving side of the wolf than the ferocious side of this primal beast. The story of Little Red Riding Hood demonstrates a different sort of werewolf who still has the desire for killing humans but it directed towards scaring children. The Werewolf's Daughter was an influence to authors because it carries on this tradition of creating fear of unnatural creatures.
Movies and Shows Edit
Werewolves have been portrayed in the various forms of media from movies to shows. Remarkable werewolves movies that changed the path of portraying werewolves are the following.
The Wolf Man- The film was created in 1941 as an American horror film following the journey of Larry Talbot who returns to his ancestral home of Llanwelly. Larry falls in love with a young maiden named Gwen and as a result of trying to save Gwen friend he gets bit by a gypsy son who was the werewolf who attacked him
Werewolf of London- A black and white film created in 1935 following the story of Wilfred Glendon a wealthy English Botanist who is researching a plant who gets attacked by a werewolf. This movie goes on to describe the common description of werewolves in common folk tales. The werewolf in this story transforms during a full moon and feels the need to kill. Ultimately it ends in the death of Wilfred dying in his home
Teen Wolf- A show following Scott McCall as he gets bitten by a werewolf and it transforms his social life in high school. Exploring the themes of falling in love, enemies, supernatural beings etc. The werewolves in this show is depicted differently then classical movies for one the werewolves are divided into alphas,omegas, betas and True Alphas. There weakness is wolfs bane, arrows, bright lights and infliction of other supernatural creatures.
Bitten- Explores the life of a female werewolf named Elena Michael's torn between living a normal life with her boyfriend or returning to the responsibilities of her family "Pack" which consist of her ex-fiancee the reason she is a werewolf. This is a twist because normally in folk tales the male is portrayed as the werewolf who shifts. This a Canadian interpretation of the folk tales of werewolves based on the public opinion
Werewolves From Folk Tales to Modern Day Edit
Werewolves that were depicted from the Slovakia Tale of Mythology focused more on bringing the wolfs inner beast. The Tale describes the wolf as a killer, in the forest, long sharp claws and teeth etc. The picture on the right is what our tale describes as a werewolf.
If we look at the show Teen Wolf it focuses on the human having control rather than the wolf completely overtaking their body. The eyes of the character Scott McCall are red like what is depicted in the story Werewolf's Daughter but seems to not have the same facial structure as the original werewolves.
References in Class and Outside Sources Edit
Synopsis/ Intro Section- Unit One D2L
Ashliman, D.L. "The Werewolf's Daughter." Werewolf's Daughter. Slovakia Folktale, 2000. Web. 05 Apr. 2017
" The Werewolf's Daughter" Slovakia Folktale-https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/le/content/563364/viewContent/4877442/View
Literature On Werewolves/History on Werewolves- Unit One D2L
Senn, Harry. Romanian Werewolves: Seasons, Ritual, Cycles. N.p.: n.p., n.d. D2L Arizona. Taylor and Francis Group. Web. 05 Apr. 2017.
Myth- Unit One D2l
Borges, George. The Damnable Life and Death of Stubbe Peeter. London: Chapbook, 1950.D2L Arizona. Chapbook London 1950. Web. 05 Apr. 2017
Appearances in Other Fiction-
Movies and Shows-
Ashliman, D.L. Little Red Riding Hood. Slovakia Folktale, Perrault, Charles (Trans), 2000. Web. 16 Apr. 2017.
Ashliman, D.L. Little Red Hat. Slovakia Folktale, 2000. Web. 16 Apr. 2017